Monte Carlo – The History of Monte Carlo

Monte Carlo is one of the most iconic resorts in Europe, known for its gambling and luxurious hotels. In fact, in 1878, the place was originally intended to be a resort for the high-class. But it turned out to be something completely different.

The city’s name came from a visit by Prince Charles III and Elisabeth of Bourbon-Parma who visited the area in 1861 and christened it Monte Carlo after their visit to the picturesque Mount Charles summit. However, Monte Carlo has evolved into one of the most beautiful cities in Europe with an incredible history that you need to know. Read on to learn more about this European hotspot- Monte Carlo.

The Grimaldi Family & Monte Carlo

The Grimaldi family are the rulers of Monaco. They’re also the ones who built Monte Carlo- and they have a long history of ruling the area. Originally, they were peasants in the region before they rose to power in 1730s. They became the official rulers of Monaco in 1868 after France allowed them to take over. From then on, their family has ruled with an iron fist- and to this day, they still rule over Monaco.

In 1878, Charles III was 51 years old when he married Elisabeth of Bourbon-Parma and gave birth to Princess Charlotte. He had long been known as a wastrel, but he found himself with a small fortune after his father died in 1855 and left him the throne of Spain. The prince hired James Anderson's company to create a resort for high society on the French Riviera that would become Monte Carlo. The City was planned by architect Charles Garnier for 150 luxury hotel rooms – all fitted with a fashionable Turkish bath – which is what made it so popular among wealthy tourists from around Europe. Monte Carlo is also where you can find some of the best restaurants and cafes in Europe as well - not just because it's such a tourist center but because there are so many great chefs who set up shop here!

Monaco is one of those places where you can't help but slow down your pace just a little bit when visiting.

Monte Carlo originally started out as a stopover for travelers, but was soon turned into a destination of its own. The city has had several different names including La Condamine and Le Rocher before Prince Charles III and Elisabeth of Bourbon-Parma christened it Monte Carlo in 1861.

In 1878, the town was designated as a resort for royalty, celebrities and well-to-dos. But the environment at that time wasn’t what they had in mind.

In 1888, one year after the Cannes casino opened, there were only three hotels in Monte Carlo. They were mostly occupied by wealthy people who came to gamble at the famous casino or stay at expensive hotels like Hôtel de Paris. But then things changed.

The town became more accessible to the masses after 1904 when more train lines were built to connect Monaco with France and Italy. This made it easier for many people to visit Monte Carlo even if they didn’t have much money. That’s when the city started changing from an exclusive resort for high class people to something everyone could enjoy. Nowadays, you can find affordable accommodation options among luxury hotels like Hôtel Hermitage site de la réserve and Hôtel Hermitage Monte-Carlo – Le Royal that offer modern amenities but still have a traditional feel.

The First Casino

The first casino in Monte Carlo opened its doors on December 18, 1878. The opening marked the beginning of a new era in the city’s history that allowed it to develop into the iconic European hotspot that it is today.

Located near the coast and surrounded by the Alps, this city was originally intended to be a resort for high-class Europeans. It soon became a famous destination for wealthy people who came to gamble their money away at the casino. After only ten years of operating, Monte Carlo had already become one of the most popular gambling destinations in Europe.

In 1889, Monaco’s ruler Charles III refined his father’s vision for Monte Carlo and made it into a tax-free zone where French citizens were able to hold all sorts of positions within its borders. This move helped to further boost tourism and establish Monte Carlo as an important city for Europeans in search of a luxurious vacation destination.

How to spend your time?

There are so many things to do in Monte Carlo. You can visit the Casino, enjoy the glamorous beaches and engage in a casino night.

The best way to spend your time when visiting Monte Carlo is to take it as you go. Do what you want, when you want and how you want. Take full advantage of this city that has so much to offer.

You'll never run out of things to do in Monte Carlo. Whether you're looking for something fun or informative, Monte Carlo has it all for you!


Monte Carlo is a great place to get to know the Mediterranean culture and, as it’s a tax haven, it’s an attractive tourist destination for many people. The city is a mix of old world charm and modern day luxury and the atmosphere is perfect for a nice stroll along the port, a visit to the casino or shopping in the Upper Town.